What is Alopecia?

Alopecia is a hair loss condition usually affecting the scalp. The loss is likely to be prompt and frequently includes more on one side of the head than the other. Hair grows in cycles. Typically, around 100 hair strands reach the resting phase each day where they fall out. Medical hair loss is conclusive when more than 100 hair strands fall out every day.

Symptoms

Alopecia distresses both males and females. Usual initial indications of idiopathic alopecia are little hairless spaces usually oval in shape. The underlying skin is unscarred and looks normal. Hair loss in men begins as thinning of hair at the temples and the hair strands may thin out or fall out. Hair loss in women starts as hair thinning at the frontal and parietal areas.

Causes

The cause of Alopecia could be idiopathic, physiologic, hereditary or chemotherapeutic. Physiologic alopecia may be related with hormonal adjustments during childbirth, or due to nutritional factors, or toxin contact. If the patient underwent chemotherapy, the degree of alopecia depends on the dosage of the drug, half-life and the length of the treatment period. Hair loss starts 2 weeks after chemotherapy and regrows between 3 to 5 months after the therapy.

Treatment

Medications can be prescribed by the doctor to correct baldness. Minoxidil causes healthy hair regrowth. Bald males can use Finasteride with fine results.

Generally, people who are self-conscious choose the expensive and painful surgical methods as treatment option. Available today are hair follicle transplant to plant new hairs into the bald area and alopecia reduction to decrease the area of bald skin. Seven months after the operation, the quality of the new hair can be already checked.

Alternative to the above treatments, some individuals wear natural looking wig to cover the hair loss



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