Keratosis Pilaris Pictures

Jun 26 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Keratosis Pilaris?

Keratosis pilaris is an autosomal dominant, genetic disorder of keratinization of hair follicles. Also termed as follicular karatosis, this is an extremely common benign condition that is manifested by the appearance of small, uneven folliculocentric keratotic bumps on the skin, often portrayed as chicken skin. Upon gross examination, it appears primarily on the back and the outer portions of the upper arms, facial cheeks, thighs and buttocks.

Globally, it affects more or less 40% of the adult population, and an estimated 50% to 80% of the adolescents.

This condition transpires once the human body produces too much natural protein called keratin. The undue protein which is cream colored, contains and entraps the hair follicles in the pore leading to the formation of hard plugs. The hard plugs inhibit the hair from exiting and reaching the surface, so it grows continuously being encapsulated inside the follicle and beneath the keratin debris. Rubbing the affected area will expose the coiled hair in a few instances. This condition endures only cosmetic consequences as it comes out as a proliferation of tiny hard lumps that are completely harmless. The disorder manifests as a diffused, irregular rash made of ten to 100, very small red bumps. When touched, the affected area seems to be like that of sandpaper in texture.

No cure or universally effective management is on hand. However there are a number of palliative treatment selections and skin care measures which need to be continuous. The effectiveness of the treatment recipe is absolutely associated to the person’s consistency. Bear in mind that these treatment options can only afford to give good temporary results. Some of these measures to avoid unwarranted skin dryness include the use of mild soap-less cleansers once or twice a day and regular skin lubrication. Other treatment methods for Keratosis Pilaris consist of topical exfoliants, topical corticosteroids and topical retinoids.

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Hidradenitis Suppurativa Pictures

Jun 26 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Hidradenitis Suppurativa?

Hidradenitis Suppurativa is a rare chronic inflammatory skin condition described by engorged, painful, inflamed lesions which can be the same in size with a pimple or as large as golf balls in the armpit, groin and other areas where apocrine glands are concentrated. The disease is an infection of the cutaneous apocrine glands which may extend to adjacent subcutaneous tissues and fascia.

There isn’t much in-depth study made about Hidradenitis Suppurativa. It is an orphan illness as it is considered to be very rare that no pharmaceutical companies would dare to engage in a challenge to obtain a reasonable cure. What we know is that it believed to arise when the apocrine gland channels become obstructed by excessive perspiration. The secretions are confined in the glands forcing sweat and bacteria into the surrounding tissues leading to subcutaneous inflammation and bacterial infection.

The patient with this non-contagious condition displays groups of unremitting abscesses, sebaceous cyst and multiple localized infections that are considerably painful which culminates in incision and pus drainage often leaving an open wound that will not heal. As suppuration advances, immediate cellulitis may exist. When the multiple nodules have come together, they become bordered by fibrotic reactions which result in an unsightly appearance of a scarred area.

Usually, the initial treatments include oral and topical antibiotics in addition to anti-inflammatory pills, systemic steroids, retinoids, birth control pills and the use of intra-lesional injections to reduce swelling. Strictly avoid wearing fitting clothing and shaving the affected area. The areas should be washed daily using an antibacterial soap. If severe, aggressive surgery, radiotherapy and incision and draining are recommended.

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Acne Pictures

Jun 22 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Acne?

Acne is a skin condition characterized by minor, although infrequently serious, skin eruptions due to inflammation around the sebaceous glands. It is most prominent on the face, chest, arms and back. Roughly about 85% of all people have acne outbreaks in some point in their lives.

Normally, the sebaceous glands produce a fatty, oily substance known as sebum, to protect and lubricate the skin. Acne results when the sebum flow is obstructed by dead skin cells, dried sebum or by bacteria. When there is a complete blockage, whitehead is produced. When the blockage is incomplete, blackhead results. In time, the clogged hair follicle enlarges, producing a bump. The follicles continue to enlarge until the walls rupture, permitting the normal skin bacteria to enter into the deeper layer of the skin. This will result to an inflammation. If the inflammation is close to the surface, this is termed as pustule, pimple for deeper inflammation and much deeper is called cyst.

Remove excess oil by regular gentle washing of the face with non-irritating unscented soaps. However, avoid vigorous washing and scrubbing as these may irritate the skin, making the acne worse. The use of over-the-counter preparations and topical solutions with benzoyl peroxide improves acne. If the acne is severe, dermatologists may prescribe topical and oral antibiotics. If the patient has drug-resistance to antibiotics, Accutane may be used as a substitute. If acne is fully managed, scars can be dealt with resurfacing derma procedure called dermabrasion. Except in severe cases where the skin eruption is widespread, normally acne is undisruptive and responds well to treatment.

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Erythema Multiforme Pictures

Jun 22 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Erythema multiforme?

Erythema multiforme is a common dermatological condition of idiopathic origin, potentially mediated by the accumulation of immune complex in the microvasculature surface of the skin and mucosa. It is a severe, self-limiting inflammatory skin condition under type IV hypersensitivity reaction triggered by the exposure to certain medications, contagion and other factors. In general, it affects the young population.

Symptoms

Erythema multiforme minor

Of the two types, EM minor is the less serious and accounts for 80% of Erythema multiforme cases. The rash comes out over a few days somewhat expanding to around 2 cm. but in some patients more than a few crops go after each other in single attack. Slight burning or mild itch may be existing but becomes most intense over the back of the hands and feet. Classically, the rash appears as bull’s eye shaped circles on the palms arranged symmetrically and lasts for 7 to 14 days and then resolves leaving a remaining brown colored discoloration. There is an involvement of the oral mucosa for 70% of the cases. Oral lesions in the lips, palate, and gums are common. The eyes are affected. There are red conjunctivae and eye swelling and excessive tearing. There are also excruciating erosions on the genitals.

Stevens Johnson syndrome

In this situation, there is larger injury. Together with the erythematous eruption, there are a few significant hemorrhagic blisters present. There are extensive blood blisters predominant on the torso and face.

Causes

The Pathophysiology of Erythema multiforme is not yet fully implicated but it appears that there is a taking part of the cell-mediated hypersensitivity reaction by the immune system that can be elicited by variety of stimuli, specifically bacteria, viruses and chemicals.

As revealed in a current global future analysis, the most important cause of Erythema multiforme is Herpes simplex virus, but bacterial, parasitic and fungal infections are also correlated. In the case of Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis, it looks to play a smaller role. Drugs were found to be a more universal trigger for these cases. For Erythema Multiforme minor and major, the principal risk factor is history of herpes infection or recurrent case of herpes.

Treatment

The treatment starts with identifying the activating factor and removing it, however, this is not all the time achievable. If drug is the culprit, it must be discontinued as soon as possible. If the cause is infection, it must then be properly treated following the performance of diagnostic tests.

Erythema multiforme minor is typically without a clinical symptom therefore requires no treatment, as the lesions are self-limiting and will disappear within a month. If EM minor is herpes virus induced, Zovirax is useful.

Mild cases of Erythema multiforme require only symptomatic management. Give analgesics as needed, skin care; topical steroids, and soothing mouthwash and gargles. Aggressive observation and fluids and electrolytes replacement are of dominant significance.

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Scabies Pictures

Jun 22 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Scabies?

Conversationally established as the seven-year itch, Scabies is a highly communicable skin infection described by the eruptive lesions created from the skin excavations of the female itch mites called Sarcoptes scabiei. These eight-legged parasites are microscopic measuring around 0.33 to 0.45 mm but at times they are detectable as white pinpoints so a magnifying glass is of use. The parasite burrows underneath the epidermis to lay eggs and initiates an intense allergic irritation.

Scabies Causes

Any person can develop infection or re-infection since it is easily spread most often by prolonged, direct physical contact with infected individuals. The disease may also be transmitted from inanimate objects or by sexual contact. The time-span needed for the female itch mite to burrow on infected skin and lay eggs is within a day from the initial contact with the infected individual.

Scabies Symptoms

The clinical manifestations involve intense and unrelenting itchiness which becomes worse at night and after a hot shower. There are also superficial burrows which are often linear or s-shaped and come out as tiny, wavy, flushed, grayish or dark outlines on the skin surface, especially on the folds under the arms, around the wrists and between the fingers, and other moist areas. When larger areas of the body are involved and secondary infection is serious, hyperthermia, headache and body weakness will occur.

Scabies Treatment

This infection is more frequently observed in congested vicinities with insanitary living situations. It is a sign of poor hygiene. Care must be observed regarding effective preventive measures including good personal hygiene, regular changing of clean clothing, beddings and towels, exposing the linens used under the sun, washing used linens in hot water, general house cleaning and improving the sanitation of the environment. Stuffed toys can be wrapped up in a plastic bag for three days because the parasites cannot live on for too long being away from host’s skin. All rooms in the residence have got to be vacuumed and the bag should then be destroyed.

The medical management includes assessing the whole family of the infected individual before assuming any treatment, for as long as one member stays infected, others will potentially get the disease. Dermatologists treat this infection by recommending a medicated lotion to destroy the itch mites. People are instructed to apply permethrin cream from the neck down and let it remain on the skin during the night before it is washed off. This cream application is regularly repeated in a week. Benzyl benzoate emulsion and Kwell ointment are effective but should be limitedly applied entirely to the skin.

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Shingles Pictures

Jun 20 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Shingles?

Herpes zoster, also known as shingles is a highly contagious disease attributable to the reactivation of the dormant human herpes virus type 3 virus situated in the dorsal nerve root ganglion of the spinal nerves. The virus can migrate along the path of a nerve to the skin surface causing a rash of painful blisters. This disorder affects only those who once have had chicken pox and commonly hits over age 50. In a client with a history of chickenpox, shingles can occur at some immunocompromised situations. Prognosis is good except when the virus extends to central nervous system.

It is still undefined how and why reactivation happens. It is assumed that the virus reactivates when, as a result of old age, illness, cancer, stress or immunosuppressant medications, the immune system turns out to be too vulnerable to keep the virus in a state of dormancy. After viral reactivation, the chicken pox virus travels down the sensory nerve into the skin to cause shingles.

In early stages, there is a tingling, itching, lightning bolt sensation followed by pain on one side of the body. One to three days after the pain starts, a rash with raised, red lumps and blisters erupts on the skin surface following a dermatomal outline or a ray-like distribution as blisters follow the pathway of individual nerves. They start to become pustules, and then scabs form by 10 days.

Separate the infected person from others because exudates from the lesions hold the virus. Maintain standard precautions. Use an air mattress on the bed and keep the atmosphere cool. Never scratch the skin where the rash is located to avoid the risk of secondary infections and scarring. To soothe the blisters, render cool water compress to suppurating blisters for 20 minutes many times a day. In the early stage of the disease, antiviral drugs may be combined with a strong corticosteroid to speed up healing and diminish the extent of pain. In the most critical situations, blocking agents are given via injection to stop pain signals from reaching the brain.

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Eczema Pictures

Jun 20 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Eczema?

Eczema is a general term used for common inflammatory dermatological conditions. The most constant features of eczema which are associated to significant amounts of histamine on the skin are pruritus and hyperirritability. Because of the alteration in the lipid content, sebaceous gland activity and sweating, too much dryness with consequential itching develops. This leads to crusting, flaking, cracking and bleeding of the skin. In reaction to skin rubbing, instant redness comes out on the skin. Scratching exposes a healing lesion which may increase the rash. Over time, burning cracks become visible.

The common classifications of eczema are atopic eczema, contact dermatitis, xerotic eczema and seborrheic dermatitis. Atopic eczema is an allergic disease with a hereditary element. Contact dermatitis is a cell-mediated skin sensitivity which results from a direct exosure with a chemical or allergen. A very common skin disorder among the older population is xerotic eczema where the skin becomes so dehydrated it turns into eczema. This type of eczema gets worse in dry winter conditions. Seborrheic dermatitis is a skin condition directly related to dandruff. There is dry and oily flaking in the scalp, face and eyebrows.

Eczema can be genetically inherited but still there is no exact cause but a defect of the skin weakens its role as a barrier. Some people have more than one gene defect leading to abnormalities in proteins which are known to be essential in maintaining skin integrity. Some forms of eczema can be triggered by environmental allergens direct contact with irritants, temperature, humidity, and psychological stress.

The course of action for the treatment of eczema includes decreasing irritation and scratching, lubricating the skin and preventing secondary infections. Individuals should stay away from allergenic substances such as harsh soaps and detergents. Scratching the affected area must be avoided since it will just worsen the condition ang may spread the irritation. Keep the fingernails short and clean. To prevent it from being scratched, it is effective to cover the area with clothing or sterile bandage. If exposed to allergenic substances, immediate washing of the exposed area with soap ang running water can remove the irritating chemical. To soothe the skin, intermittently apply wet compresses for short periods. OTC corticosteroid creams and oral antihistamines can help to relieve the intense itching. If secondary bacterial infection develops, antibiotics may well be needed.

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Hives Pictures

Jun 20 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What are Hives?

Hives are common skin disorders characterized by edematous plaques with severe itching. Classically, it appears as pallid red, raised, itchy bumps. Each hive remains for a few minutes to several hours before disappearing. For hours or days, clusters of these lesions may come, go, and return episodically. It can be acute when it persists less than six weeks or chronic when the sequence continues longer than six weeks. Acute urticaria accounts for the majority of the cases. Chronic urticaria is idiopathic in nature, rarely caused by an allergic reaction.

In urticaria, whether the activator is allergic or non-allergic, a complex release of inflammatory mediators is involved. One of the chemicals released from the cutaneous mast cells during the process is histamine, which causes escape of fluid from the superficial blood vessels.

Urticaria begins as red circular rashes and soon become pale and edematous which comes with an intense itching and burning sensation. Characteristically, hives rapidly change in size, moving anywhere from one are to another, disappearing and reappearing in matters of hours.

In the environment, numerous substances can cause hives including: medications, food, and physical agents which are aquagenic, stress-related, cholinergic, dermatographic, adrenergic, parasitic or temperamental.

Early identification and avoidance of the allergic triggers are the best ways to prevent another urticaria attack. If exposed to a trigger, have a preventive dose of antihistamine to inhibit hives from developing. Diphenhydramine is considered most effective non-sedating antihistamine. If the urticaria is severe, oral corticosteroids are given for short time only. Starch and colloid-type baths are used as comfort measures. In patients who experience angioedema of the respiratory tract, the doctor may counsel to bring a prescription of epinephrine.

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Pityriasis Rosea Pictures

Jun 20 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Pityriasis Rosea?

Pityriasis rosea is a non-dangerous skin rash but inflicts considerable distress on some people. It typically starts with a solitary mother patch lesion, and then after 1 to 2 weeks, a generalized body rash lasting about six weeks follows.

The cause is undefined but it suggests a viral infection as the culprit based on its clinical presentation and immunologic reactions. As evidence shows, there is viral reactivation of human herpes virus-6 and HHV-7 but this is not consistent to some other cases because no antibodies were identified. Adding to the controversy is the fact that HHV-7 is commonly found in healthy people.

In most of the reported cases, an upper respiratory tract infection comes first. Then, a single elliptical, red herald patches around 2 to 10 cm. emerges characteristically on the abdomen. On occasions, the mother patch may come out on hidden areas like in the armpit for instance. 7 to 14 days after the herald patch appeared, large daughter patches of red, egg-shaped rash come out on the upper body and can also appear in the mouth. On rare cases, an inverse distribution of the rash occurs mostly on the extremities. Generally, the red patches stretches broadly across the chest going by the rib-line in a Christmas-tree distribution. Several days later, small circular patches appear on the back, neck and on the cheeks. The prognosis is good, with patients recovering completely for only a matter of weeks or in some cases up to six months.

There is no definitive prevention as the cause is still undetermined. Similar with common viral infections, preventive measures include proper hygiene, frequent hand washing, avoiding crowded places and contact to people who cough and sneeze.

This skin condition usually goes away without treatment Antihistamines and topical corticosteroids provide relief from itching and improve the appearance of the rash. Steroids however may cause the new skin to take longer to tone with the surrounding skin color. Use only soap with moisturizer. Exposure to direct sunlight for about 10 to 15 minutes a day can help the lesions resolve quickly.

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Folliculitis Pictures

Jun 20 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Folliculitis?

It is a common dermatological condition characterized by the appearance of numerous small red or pink lesions with accompanying red halo indicating inflammation in one or more hair follicles. The pus-filled, red lesions cause the skin to appear like a chicken skin. Any part of the skin can be affected; ten to one hundred small bumps may come out in the chest, back, scalp, underarms, groin, extremities, face and buttocks. Mild to moderate folliculitis may often involve itchiness. In more severe cases where the infection is deeper and affects the entire follicle, the problem is pain. Scratching off the top exposes a small locked in hair within.

When hair follicles are damaged by tension from uncomfortable clothing, follicular blockage or shaving, folliculitis begins. In the majority of cases, the damaged follicles become infected with Staphylococcus aureus.

On the whole, it may be cosmetically disturbing but it medically undisruptive. The prognosis is very good as it is an easily curable condition. Most cases may resolve suddenly without undergoing any medical treatment.

To prevent folliculitis, use the following self-care guidelines. Shave in the same direction of hair growth using electric razor and avoid trimming the irritated areas. Avoid tight, constrictive clothing. Washing personal items such as linens and towels frequently is important.

An effective measure to promote drainage of the infected follicles is the application of hot, moist compresses. Depending on the result of the bacterial culture, the physician may endorse the use of antibacterial wash and antibiotic pills. Antibiotics can be applied directly to the skin or taken per orem to control infection To prevent further damage to the hair follicles and infection avoid shaving the area but if it becomes necessary, use a clean, new razor blade or an electric razor each time.

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Basal Cell Carcinoma Pictures

Jun 20 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Basal Cell Carcinoma?

The most common type of skin cancer is the basal cell carcinoma. It is a type of non-melanocytic skin cancer that takes place from basal cells and accounts for approximately 75% of all skin cancer cases. Metastasis and mortality are rare, yet, it can bring considerable damage and disfigurement by invading proximate tissues of the eyes, ears or nose. Fair-skinned people with a family history of thus cancer are mainly affected.

Two thirds of the cases involves sunlight exposure as a significant factor, which confirms why tumors develop typically on sun-exposed areas such as the face, scalp, neck, torso, back, and legs. Exposure to sunlight leads to the formation of thymine dimmers which is DNA damage. Another risk factor is exposure to ultraviolet waves in tanning booths.

A basal cell carcinoma may appear at first as a little, shiny, semi-transparent dome-shaped tumor with rolled margins frequently covered by small, superficial blood vessels termed as telangiectases. Some basal cell carcinomas include melanin pigment causing a brown pigmentation. The open sore may bleed and heal again and again.

To make an accurate diagnosis, a shave biopsy is performed. A sample of the affected skin is taken out and is viewed under magnification to verify presence of cancer cells.

The modes of treatment adjust conditional on the size, level of penetration, and location of the basal cell tumor. Excision takes the cancer out. In curettage and electrodessication, the tumor is scraped away and electricity destroys any remaining cancerous cells. If the cancer has metastasized to organs or lymph nodes or in such cases when surgery cannot treat the cancer, radiation is desirable. If the basal cell carcinoma is under the superficial type, then topical creams with Imiquimod or 5-fluorouracil may be prescribed by the physician.

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Contact Dermatitis Pictures

Jun 20 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Contact Dermatitis?

Contact dermatitis is a medical term for skin inflammation that results from exposure of the skin to an external chemical or physical substance, which can be an irritant or an allergen.

About 80% of the cases of contact dermatitis are caused by irritants. The inflammatory reaction is attributable to the direct effect of irritant substances like soaps, plants, solvent, latex, cosmetics, food, and detergents on the skin.

The remaining 20% of the cases are accounted to allergic contact dermatitis which is also the most prevalent type of immunotoxicity. In this case, the skin inflammation is caused by a hypersensitivity reaction acting via the interaction of the immune system’s immunoregulatory cytokines and T lymphocyte subpopulations to a specific substance. It begins with the chemical breaking through the skin. It binds to Langerhans’ cells and travel to lymph glands close by. Sensitization ends when the allergen has been introduced to T-lymphocytes which will produce memory cells to remember that specific allergen. A previous exposure to the substance is needed to provoke allergy. Succeeding exposure causes the T-lymphocytes to recognize the allergen and activates them, releasing inflammatory mediators to the site.

Formaldehyde, rubber, fragrances, nickel, topical medications, hair salon chemicals and some plants are the commonest allergens. In this case, there is a delay of the immune response between the first exposure and the consequent reaction.

Another difference between the two types of dermatitis is the extent of inflammation as manifested in the skin surface. Usually, allergic dermatitis is confined to an area where the trigger was actually in contact with the skin while in irritant, the skin inflammation is more widespread.

The common reaction is a red rash which appears immediately in irritant contact dermatitis while the rash brought by allergic contact dermatitis every so often emerges until 1 to 3 days following an allergen contact. Urticaria appears in a pattern where the skin was directly exposed to a trigger and worsens when the area is scratched.

To discard and inactivate most of the displeasing substance, clean the exposed skin with soap and cool water straight away after direct contact to an identified trigger. Lemon juice and vinegar which are weak acids can be applied to neutralize the effects of the chemical substances. Cold moist compresses are done for 30 minutes thrice a day if there is development of blisters. Aside from application of calamine lotion and cool colloidal baths, Diphenhydramine can be taken to relieve itching.

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Lichen Planus Pictures

Jun 20 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Lichen Planus?

Lichen planus is a common, chronic mucocutaneous disease that affects a wide area of the skin, tongue, genitalia, and oral mucosa.

The cause is still undefined. Some of the lichenoid reactions occur as hypersensitive reaction to certain medications, in such cases termed drug-induced lichenoid reactions. It is also thought to be caused by an anomalous immune reaction aggravated by Hepatitis C viral infection.

On top of the cutaneous eruption, lichen planus involves other parts like the mucous membrane, genitals, nails and the scalp. The classical manifestation is in a form of flat-topped papules or rashes which are shiny and violaceous. There is variation in size from 1 mm to greater than 1 cm in diameter. Wickham striae are regularly found on the papules which appear as fine, white lines.

The mouth is affected in 50% of the cases. Because of mucous membrane involvement, lesions are common on the tongue and in the buccal mucosa. These oral lesions are distinguished by painless gray or white streaks which outline a fern-like pattern on the violaceous skin. There are as well quite painful and persistent ulcers and scattered redness and shedding of the gums.

10% of lichen planus cases involve one or more nails. Affected nail plates are likely to be thin and could become grooved and uneven. There may be onycholysis wherein the nails grow dark, thicken and separate from the nail bed. The nails may drop, cease growing and may vanish completely.

The disease is self-limited and typically resolves in 8 to 12 months so the treatment is not always essential. If pruritus is worse, the physician may suggest an antihistamine. In mild cases of lichen planus, fluorinated topical steroids are used. A thin film should be rubbed accurately once a day and is terminated when the lesions have flattened. If the mouth is involved, steroid paste may be easier to apply. If the genitals are affected, hydrocortisone foam is prescribed. More intensive therapy involving systemic steroids like prednisone is needed to treat severe cases particularly those with mucous membrane involvement.

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Tinea Versicolor Pictures

Jun 20 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Tinea Versicolor?

Dermatomycosis furfuracea, also called as Tinea versicolor is a condition distinguished by a rash on the trunk and proximal extremities, majorly caused by Malassezia globosa. This yeast is naturally living on the human skin and only becomes disruptive under special circumstances, including high temperature, weakened immunity, and hormonal abnormalities. It is assumed that the yeast feeds on lipids on top of dead skin cells.

Generally, oval-shaped spots with sharp borders roughly about ¼ to 1 inch in diameter often come into the skin surface together to form a bigger patch. Frequently affected body areas are the back, upper arm, torso, lower legs, armpit, and could also be show on the face. There is an infrequent fine scaling of the skin which gives an external ash-like scale. During a strenuous activity or in warm days, the body temperature is elevated. Sometimes when there is an elevation of the body temperature, pin-prick itching is felt in the affected areas. The warmer the temperature, the worse it gets. The distressing itch stops once sweating begins.

Pigmentary alterations occur. The term versicolor presents the detail that it brings about color shifts to the involved skin by either becoming lighter or darker than the adjacent skin surfaces. Commonly, people who have dark complexion will have hypopigmentation, while those with lighter skin tone will have hyperpigmentation. These temporary discolorations are termed as sun fungus.

For the treatment of tinea versicolor, wash and dry the affected skin area. A thin layer of antifungal agents are applied to the skin two times a day for less than 2 weeks. Some doctors prescribe the most economical yet effective treatment which is selenium sulfide shampoo to be applied for 10-15 minutes before rinsing; done twice a week for about 2 to 4 weeks. In severe, massive and recurring cases, Nizoral pills will eliminate the fungus and relieve any itch.

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Herpes Pictures

Jun 20 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Herpes?

Herpes simplex is a sexually transmitted viral disease caused either by Herpes simplex virus type and type 2. The categorization into various distinct disorders is based on the site of viral infection.

The virus rotates between episodes of active disease where blisters holding the infectious virus particles appear persisting for about 2 to 21 days. The first period of this disease is typically worse than recurrences that appear in a while. The principal clinical manifestation of herpes is an attack of painful, irritating lesions on and around the reproductive organs or on or by the lips.

This is followed by a remission phase. Subsequent to the preliminary infection, the herpes viruses move all along the path to the ganglion where they become dormant and exist there for lifetime. Individuals can expect an outbreak if a tingling sensation is felt. During this time, they are acutely contagious even if the skin looks natural. Classically, the sores entirely heal but resurface at some time in the future when least anticipated. The reasons as to why the infection recurs are indefinite while a few possible triggers have been recognized together with the use of immunosuppressant medications, excessive sunlight exposure, hyperthermia, stress, acute illness, and weakened immune system.

The virus is easily transmitted by skin-to-skin contact with an active lesion or even with visibly normal skin but is shedding virus, kissing, or body secretions of an infected person. When the blisters have dried up and crusted over, the danger of infectivity is drastically lessened. To infect an individual, the virus penetrates through small breaks or even microscopic injury in the skin or mucous membrane sufficient enough to allow viral entry.

The most dependable technique to avoid the risk of herpes spread is by means of barrier protection. Limiting the number of sexual partners into one is another move toward prevention knowing that the chances of getting infected rises with the number of sexual partners an individual has.

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Ringworm Pictures

Jun 19 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Ringworm?

Ringworm or Dermatophytosis is a very common skin disease caused by several different fungal infections collectively known as tinea. The term ringworm originates from the early belief that the disease was caused by a parasitic worm which is untrue. The lifetime risk of an individual to develop this superficial fungal disease is between 20 to 30%.

Ringworm Symptoms

  • The infection causes flaking, ring-shaped, itchy red patches that develop on various parts that could erupt and ooze. The patches often have sharply-defined borders growing to nearly one inch crossways. They are frequently redder around the outside with clear tone in the middle. This forms the manifestation of a ring wherein the infection remains active.
  • There are hairless patches and scales on the scalp, and scratchy, scaling irritation under a beard.
  • Nails thicken, become discolored, crusty and rough and could even crumble.
  • There is dry scaling and fissuring of the skin between the toes.
  • The groin is a usual area of infection. Usually on the inner area of the upper thigh, scaly, red-brown patches develop.

Ringworm Causes

Naturally, bacteria and fungi live on our bodies. A number of these microorganisms are helpful while others are opportunistic, multiply in haste to form contagious diseases. When a specific fungus thrives and multiplies anywhere, ringworm arises. The mode of transmission is via direct skin-to-skin contact, and contact with inanimate, personal objects. Exposure to infected animals is one mode of transmission. In very uncommon cases, infection can be attributed to exposure to infected soil. If the soil does have ample nutrients, the fungus that causes ringworm in humans can survive for an extended period of time. Still, for a person to become infected in this mode, the individual would have to have prolonged contact with harshly contaminated soil or else the odds are thin.

Ringworm Treatment

Individuals with ringworm respond well to self-care treatment. They are advised to keep their affected skin as clean and dry as possible. If it starts to erupt, apply damp compress to clear out the area. Use OTC antifungal powders, creams and lotions especially those containing ketoconazole, clotrimazole, terbinafine and miconazole. These are generally used once or twice a day. Infection begins to disappear within a week. With continued application for the recommended amount of time will guarantee the total eradication of the fungal infection.

When there is a severe or persistent infection and OTC treatments fail, it may require treatment by a physician. Antifungal oral agents may be given.

If there is ring worm on the groin, the individual should wear cotton underwear and change it more than once per day. If there is athlete’s foot, change the socks frequently to keep the feet dry.

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