Carbuncle Pictures

Jun 26 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is a Carbuncle?

A carbuncle is a group of numerous boils on the skin related to infected hair follicles triggered by a bacterial infection caused most commonly by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. It is very contagious and could extend to other areas of the body and may also spread to other susceptible individuals.

Compared to a furuncle which is an infection of a hair follicle and the proximate tissue, a carbuncle is a much more severe condition which in fact, involves a number of furuncles that are tightly packed together which occurs deep down in the skin. When there is more than one carbuncle forming, the skin condition is termed as carbunculosis. If left untreated or if not resolved promptly, a number of bacteria, dead tissue debris, fluid and pus form. The infective fluid may drain out of the carbuncle but in some instances, the mass is so deep-seated that it can’t drain on its own. Carbuncles classically appear on the neck, but they may also form anywhere. Other common symptoms include a lump on the skin about several centimeters in diameter, hyperthermia, itching and severe discomfort.

The immediate cause of a carbuncle still cannot be concluded. Factors that may predispose to the formation of a carbuncle include friction from tight clothing, shaving, skin damage, poor hygiene, acne, eczema, overall poor health, chronic disease such as diabetes and weakened immune system.

Since this condition usually involves a considerable amount of fluid and pus, a surgical procedure known as incision and drainage is performed to drain out the fluid and allow the infection to heal inside and out. The usual drugs prescribed by doctors to treat Staphylococcus infections are antibiotics. Never try to break open a carbuncle without doctor’s supervision for it to pump out, as doing so could spread the bacteria and worsen the condition. As soon as a carbuncle begins to drain, the immediate area must be cleaned using warm, moist cloth to speed up the healing process. Proper medical hand washing is very essential so make it as a habit. W

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Herpes Pictures

Jun 20 2011 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What is Herpes?

Herpes simplex is a sexually transmitted viral disease caused either by Herpes simplex virus type and type 2. The categorization into various distinct disorders is based on the site of viral infection.

The virus rotates between episodes of active disease where blisters holding the infectious virus particles appear persisting for about 2 to 21 days. The first period of this disease is typically worse than recurrences that appear in a while. The principal clinical manifestation of herpes is an attack of painful, irritating lesions on and around the reproductive organs or on or by the lips.

This is followed by a remission phase. Subsequent to the preliminary infection, the herpes viruses move all along the path to the ganglion where they become dormant and exist there for lifetime. Individuals can expect an outbreak if a tingling sensation is felt. During this time, they are acutely contagious even if the skin looks natural. Classically, the sores entirely heal but resurface at some time in the future when least anticipated. The reasons as to why the infection recurs are indefinite while a few possible triggers have been recognized together with the use of immunosuppressant medications, excessive sunlight exposure, hyperthermia, stress, acute illness, and weakened immune system.

The virus is easily transmitted by skin-to-skin contact with an active lesion or even with visibly normal skin but is shedding virus, kissing, or body secretions of an infected person. When the blisters have dried up and crusted over, the danger of infectivity is drastically lessened. To infect an individual, the virus penetrates through small breaks or even microscopic injury in the skin or mucous membrane sufficient enough to allow viral entry.

The most dependable technique to avoid the risk of herpes spread is by means of barrier protection. Limiting the number of sexual partners into one is another move toward prevention knowing that the chances of getting infected rises with the number of sexual partners an individual has.

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